1 1. INTRODUCTION
3 Wine is a program which allows running Microsoft Windows programs
4 (including DOS, Windows 3.x and Win32 executables) on Unix. It
5 consists of a program loader which loads and executes a Microsoft
6 Windows binary, and a library (called Winelib) that implements Windows
7 API calls using their Unix or X11 equivalents. The library may also
8 be used for porting Win32 code into native Unix executables.
10 Wine is free software, released under the GNU LGPL; see the file
11 LICENSE for the details.
14 2. QUICK START
16 Whenever you compile from source, it is recommended to use the Wine
17 Installer to build and install Wine. From the top-level directory
18 of the Wine source (which contains this file), run:
22 Run programs as "wine program". For more information and problem
23 resolution, read the rest of this file, the Wine man page, and
24 especially the wealth of information found at http://www.winehq.org.
27 3. REQUIREMENTS
29 To compile and run Wine, you must have one of the following:
31 Linux version 2.0.36 or above
32 FreeBSD 6.3 or later
33 Solaris x86 9 or later
35 Mac OS X 10.4 or later
37 As Wine requires kernel-level thread support to run, only the operating
38 systems mentioned above are supported. Other operating systems which
39 support kernel threads may be supported in the future.
41 Linux info:
42 While Linux 2.2.x should still work and Linux 2.0.x may still work
43 (older 2.0.x versions had thread-related crashes),
44 it's best to have a current kernel such as 2.4.x or 2.6.x.
46 FreeBSD info:
47 Wine will generally not work properly on versions before FreeBSD
48 6.3 or 7.0, and FreeBSD 6.3 has additional patches available. See
49 <http://wiki.freebsd.org/Wine> for more information.
51 Solaris info:
52 You will most likely need to build Wine with the GNU toolchain
53 (gcc, gas, etc.). Warning : installing gas does *not* ensure that it
54 will be used by gcc. Recompiling gcc after installing gas or
55 symlinking cc, as and ld to the gnu tools is said to be necessary.
57 NetBSD info:
58 Make sure you have the USER_LDT, SYSVSHM, SYSVSEM, and SYSVMSG options
59 turned on in your kernel.
61 Mac OS X info:
62 You need Xcode 2.4 or later to build properly on x86.
65 Supported file systems:
66 Wine should run on most file systems. A few compatibility problems
67 have also been reported using files accessed through Samba. Also,
68 NTFS does not provide all the file system features needed by some
69 applications. Using a native Linux file system such as ext3 is
72 Basic requirements:
73 You need to have the X11 development include files installed
74 (called xlib6g-dev in Debian and XFree86-devel in Red Hat).
76 Of course you also need "make" (most likely GNU make).
78 You also need flex version 2.5 or later and bison.
80 Optional support libraries:
81 Configure will display notices when optional libraries are not found
82 on your system. See http://wiki.winehq.org/Recommended_Packages for
83 hints about the packages you should install.
85 On 64-bit platforms you have to make sure to install the 32-bit
86 versions of these libraries; see http://wiki.winehq.org/WineOn64bit
87 for details.
89 4. COMPILATION
91 In case you chose to not use wineinstall, run the following commands
92 to build Wine:
95 make depend
98 This will build the program "wine" and numerous support libraries/binaries.
99 The program "wine" will load and run Windows executables.
100 The library "libwine" ("Winelib") can be used to compile and link
101 Windows source code under Unix.
103 To see compile configuration options, do ./configure --help.
105 To upgrade to a new release by using a patch file, first cd to the
106 top-level directory of the release (the one containing this README
107 file). Then do a "make clean", and patch the release with:
109 bunzip2 -c patch-file | patch -p1
111 where "patch-file" is the name of the patch file (something like
112 wine-1.0.x.diff.bz2). You can then re-run "./configure", and then
113 run "make depend && make".
116 5. SETUP
118 Once Wine has been built correctly, you can do "make install"; this
119 will install the wine executable, the Wine man page, and a few other
120 needed files.
122 Don't forget to uninstall any conflicting previous Wine installation
123 first. Try either "dpkg -r wine" or "rpm -e wine" or "make uninstall"
124 before installing.
126 Once installed, you can run the "winecfg" configuration tool. See the
127 Support area at http://www.winehq.org/ for configuration hints.
130 6. RUNNING PROGRAMS
132 When invoking Wine, you may specify the entire path to the executable,
133 or a filename only.
135 For example: to run Notepad:
137 wine notepad (using the search Path as specified in
138 wine notepad.exe the config file to locate the file)
140 wine c:\\windows\\notepad.exe (using DOS filename syntax)
142 wine ~/.wine/drive_c/windows/notepad.exe (using Unix filename syntax)
144 wine notepad.exe /parameter1 -parameter2 parameter3
145 (calling program with parameters)
147 Wine is not yet complete, so several programs may crash. In that crash
148 you will be dropped into the debugger so that you can investigate and
149 fix the problem. For more information on how to do this, please check
150 the debugging section of the Wine Developer's Guide.
153 7. GETTING MORE INFORMATION
155 WWW: A great deal of information about Wine is available from WineHQ at
156 http://www.winehq.org/ : various Wine Guides, application database,
157 bug tracking. This is probably the best starting point.
159 FAQ: The Wine FAQ is located at http://www.winehq.org/FAQ
161 Usenet: You can discuss Wine-related issues and get help
162 on comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine.
164 Bugs: Report bugs to Wine Bugzilla at http://bugs.winehq.org
165 Please search the bugzilla database to check whether your
166 problem is already found before posting a bug report. You can
167 also post bug reports to comp.emulators.ms-windows.wine.
169 IRC: Online help is available at channel #WineHQ on irc.freenode.net.
171 Git: The current Wine development tree is available through Git.
172 Go to http://www.winehq.org/site/git for more information.
174 Mailing lists:
175 There are several mailing lists for Wine users and developers;
176 see http://www.winehq.org/forums for more information.
178 Wiki: The Wine Wiki is located at http://wiki.winehq.org
180 If you add something, or fix a bug, please send a patch (in 'diff -u'
181 format) to firstname.lastname@example.org list for inclusion in the next
185 Alexandre Julliard
This page was automatically generated by the
Visit the LXR main site for more